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More than 50 royal Egyptian mummies unearthed in Valley of the Kings

More than 50 royal Egyptian mummies unearthed in Valley of the Kings


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In a remarkable new discovery, archaeologists have uncovered a massive tomb in the West Bank of the Nile Valley of the Kings in Luxor containing more than 50 royal Egyptians, including four princes, eight previously unknown princesses, and a number of infants.

The 3,300-year-old tomb was discovered when researchers investigated a depression in the ground and came across a 5 metre long shaft, a corridor, and four rooms, which had been trashed and plundered in antiquity. The team of archaeologists from the University of Basel in Switzerland, who have been excavating in the region since 2009, found textiles, mummy bandages, linen cloths, bones and other scattered funerary artifacts in the tomb. Valuable relics were most likely looted from the tomb centuries ago.

Remnants found in one of the rooms of the royal tomb. Credit: University of Basel

The adult mummies were found in a poor condition and appear to have been torn apart by grave robbers, but the royal infants were well preserved.

"They are wrapped in numerous layers of bandages and treated with bitumen," said researcher Susanne Bickel, of the University of Basel.

The tomb dates to the 18 th dynasty and the Third Intermediate Period. Hieratic inscriptions (a cursive form of hieroglyphs) revealed that most of the mummies in the tomb were related to two pharaohs, Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III, who ruled during the 14th century BC, and were buried at different times.

Thutmose IV, was the 8th Pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt. He secured an alliance with the Mitanni Empire of northern Syria and ushered in a period of peace at the peak of Egypt’s prosperity. He was succeeded to the throne by his son, Amenhotep III. The reign of Amenhotep III marked the zenith of ancient Egyptian civilisation, both in terms of political power and cultural achievement, under his 36 year reign. Countries like Babylonia, Assyria, and Mitani were emerging as potential new rivals, and Amenhotep began writing to the other rulers of the Near East, carving letters on small stones that messengers took to foreign princes. The Amarna letters, as they became known after they were found in 1887, were the key to Amenhotep's success, especially when backed up with gifts from Egypt's great wealth. The 18th dynasty ruler became king at the age of around 12, with his mother as regent. He died in around 1354 BC and was succeeded by his son Amenhotep IV, widely known as Akhenaten.

During Egypt's New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC), royals were buried at the Valley of the Kings, a site along the Nile, opposite modern-day Luxor. King Tutankhamun's tomb is among the best preserved burials to have been discovered at the Valley of the Kings, and new tombs are still being discovered and studied at the site today.

Bickel and colleagues are hopeful that studying the newfound mummies and their scattered grave goods could shed light on the lives of people in the pharaohs' royal court.

Featured image: The tomb containing dozens of mummies found in the Valley of the Kings. Photo credit: Courtesy of Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities


More than 50 royal Egyptian mummies unearthed in Valley of the Kings - History

Tomb KV40 is located in the Valley of the Kings, in Egypt. The original occupant of this tomb is unknown. Only the upper part of the shaft is accessible the rest is filled with rubble, and nothing is known about the tomb's layout. Although the tomb was excavated by Victor Loret in 1899, no report was published. [1]

Excavations in 2014 revealed the remains of at least 50 minor royalty in several chambers. While the tomb was looted several times in antiquity and at the end of the nineteenth century, it still contains many fragments of funerary equipment, such as wooden and cartonnage coffins or textiles. [2]

On 28 April 2014, the Egyptian Minister of State for Antiquities announced the discovery by an Egyptian–Swiss archaeological team of at least 50 mummies in the center chamber and in three side chambers of KV40. [2] [3] Based on inscriptions on storage jars, Egyptologists identified more than thirty people.

The mummies in KV 40 come from both the 18th and the 22nd Dynasty. [4] The royal titles found on many jars indicated that the buried were members of the families of Thutmosis IV and Amenhotep III, both of whom also are interred in the Valley of the Kings. [2] The analysis of the hieratic inscriptions point to hitherto unknown royal princesses, four princes, and several foreign women, mostly adults. [2] Mummified children have also been found. [2] The royal princes and princesses are said to be from the house of the royal children in the inscriptions. In a lecture at the Museo Egizio (2015) Dr. Bickel indicated that so far twelve royal daughters were identified. Names include the King's Daughter Neferunebu and The King's daughter Nefertari, as well as the King's Son Meri-taui. One of the women was identified as the King's Daughter Taemwadjes, the one of the royal son, which indicates she was a granddaughter of the King. There are also women who are not obviously royal. Some women have clear foreign names from the Near East and Nubia. [4]

The finds in the 2014 excavations include a linen sock which was made to be worn in sandals. [4]


Dozens of Mummies Unearthed at Egypt's Valley of the Kings

Archaeologists have discovered the final resting place of at least 50 royal Egyptians — including princes, princesses and infants — while excavating a trashed tomb at the Valley of the Kings. [ Click on image to enlarge].

Hieratic inscriptions (a cursive form of hieroglyphs) revealed that most of the mummies in the tomb were related to two pharaohs, Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III, who ruled during the 14th century B.C. The dead included at least eight previously unknown royal daughters, four princes and some children, the archaeologists said.

During Egypt's New Kingdom (1550-1070 B.C.), royals were buried at the Valley of the Kings, a site along the Nile, opposite modern-day Luxor, about 312 miles (500 kilometers) south of Cairo. King Tutankhamun's tomb is among the best preserved burials to have been discovered at the Valley of the Kings, and new tombs are still being discovered and studied at the site today. [See Images of the Mummies' Tomb and Egypt's Valley of the Kings]

One of those newly studied tombs is KV 40. From the surface, the only hint of a burial chamber was a depression in the ground. Excavations revealed a 16-foot-deep (5 meters) shaft, a corridor and four rooms in shambles. The 3,300-year-old tomb was likely plundered for its gold and wood during antiquity, and later looted for any other valuable goods that could be sold. The archaeologists, who have been excavating in the region since 2009, found textiles, mummy bandages, linen cloths, bones and other scattered funerary artifacts in the tomb. These objects were covered with soot from a heavy fire, presumably set by grave robbers of the late 19th century.

The adult mummies in KV 40 are largely fragmentary, likely torn apart by grave robbers, but infant corpses in the underground burial chamber remain intact, said researcher Susanne Bickel, of the University of Basel in Switzerland. And while most infants who died would have been buried in a simple fashion at the time, royal children buried in KV 40 seem to have been given a proper mummification, Bickel added.

"They are wrapped in numerous layers of bandages and treated with bitumen," a sticky embalming substance, Bickel told Live Science in an email.

For now, the archaeologists have not determined a cause of death for these infants anthropological investigations are planned for the next dig season, Bickel said.

"What is certain is that they did not die at the same time (no epidemic), but over a certain time span," Bickel said.

Bits of coffins made from wood and a plastered material known as cartonnage indicate that tomb KV 40 was used again as a burial ground in the ninth century B.C., for members of priestly families during Egypt's Third Intermediate Period.

Studying the newfound mummies and their scattered grave goods could shed light on the lives of people in the pharaohs' royal court, Bickel and her colleagues said.


Mummies of 50 Egyptian Royals Unearthed in the Valley of the Kings

A team of archaeologists has recently announced the discovery of the mummified remains of about 50 people in a tomb in Egypt's Valley of the Kings. The researchers say that, according to evidence at hand, these people were all Egyptian royals.

Information shared with the public says that the tomb inside which these mummies were found is known as KV 40 and sits close to the city of Luxor.

It is estimated to be about 3,300 years old, and archaeologists have reasons to believe that it has until now been plundered several times, and that robbers even set it on fire at one point.

Thus, no wood or gold has been discovered inside the tomb. On the contrary, all researchers have discovered were textiles, human remains, and some inscriptions.

&ldquoThe remains and the walls have been heavily affected by a fire that was most likely ignited by the torches of the tomb raiders,&rdquo described Egyptologist Susanne Bickel, as cited by Science News.

Egyptologists with the University of Basel in Switzerland, who have been exploring KV 40 for almost three years, explain that the tomb is made up of a shaft, a corridor, and four chambers.

The shaft is about 16 feet (roughly 5 meters) deep, and it leads to the underground burial rooms. Of the four chambers that have been unearthed, one is central, and three are adjacent to it.

The University of Basel researchers detail that it was in these four chambers that they stumbled upon the mummified remains of the Egyptian royals. Of the at least 50 people who were put to rest in KV 40, some appear to have died at a very early age.

More precisely, the archaeologists claim that several of these mummies belong to children. &ldquoWe discovered a remarkable number of carefully mummified newborns and infants that would have normally been buried much simpler,&rdquo researcher Susanne Bickel said in a statement.

Based on inscriptions found inside the tomb, Egyptologists have determined that some of these people were princes and princesses, and that as many as 30 of them were related to pharaohs Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III, who both ruled in the 14 century BC.

&ldquoWe believe that the family members of the royal court were buried in this tomb for a period of several decades,&rdquo Professor Susanne Bickel told the press in a recent interview.

Archaeologists say that, by exploring tombs in the Valley of the Kings, they can gain a better understanding of Egyptian society in ancient days. Specifically, they can determine who was privileged enough to be buried close to a pharaoh.


Princes and princesses among 50 Egyptian mummies unearthed: more than 50 royal mummies have been unearthed from a tomb long sealed by rubble in Egypt's Valley of the Kings

So was Ancient Egypt just all desert like the movies with only green around the Nile? Was there green areas with forests etc miles around or just on the edges of the Nile?

Doubtful that it was ever lush, but there are theories with some evidence supporting them that a sustained period of drought took some of the power of the Empire away.

It wasn't lush, but it was a bit different before the Aswan damn stopped the Nile from flooding regularly. The fertile flood plain was very lush and used for farming, while the desert started just beyond, as it still does. They were referred to as the "black land" and "red land" respectively, with the black probably referring to the colour of the soil. Famous ruins, like the Giza plateau, weren't surrounded by vegetation back then they were always on the edge of the desert, next to the thin strip of arable land on either side of the river.

There were never really any forests, except for in the Delta area, and there tree's there aren't too big. The ancient Egyptians famously imported Lebanese timber for shipbuilding.


Tombs hidden in Valley of the Kings hold many more Egypt mummy mysteries

Multiple tombs lay hidden in Egypt's Valley of the Kings, where royalty were buried more than 3,000 years ago, await discovery, say researchers working on the most extensive exploration of the area in nearly a century.

The hidden treasure may include several small tombs, with the possibility of a big-time tomb holding a royal individual, the archaeologists say.

Egyptian archaeologists excavated the valley, where royalty were buried during the New Kingdom (1550–1070 B.C.), between 2007 and 2010 and worked with the Glen Dash Foundation for Archaeological Research to conduct ground- penetrating radar studies. [See Photos of Egypt's Valley of the Kings]

The team has already made a number of discoveries in the valley, including a flood control system that the ancient Egyptians created but, mysteriously, failed to maintain. The system was falling apart by the time of King Tutankhamun, which damaged many tombs but appears to have helped protect the famous boy-king's treasures from robbers by sealing his tomb.

The team collected a huge amount of data that will take a long time to analyze properly, wrote Afifi Ghonim, who was the field director of the project, in an email to LiveScience. "The corpus was so extensive it will take years, maybe decades, to fully study and report on," wrote Ghonim, an archaeologist with the Ministry of State for Antiquities in Egypt who is now chief inspector of Giza.

The project is part of "the most extensive exploration in the Valley of the Kings since Howard Carter's time," he said, referring to the Egyptologist whose team discovered King Tut's tomb in 1922.

The search for undiscovered tombs
"The consensus is that there are probably several smaller tombs like the recently found KV 63 and 64 yet to be found. But there is still the possibility of finding a royal tomb," wrote Ghonim in the email. "The queens of the late Eighteenth Dynasty are missing, as are some pharaohs of the New Kingdom, such as Ramesses VIII."

That sentiment was echoed by the famous, and at times controversial, Egyptologist Zahi Hawass at a lecture in Toronto this past summer. Hawass was the leader of the Valley of the Kings team.

"The tomb of Thutmose II, not found yet, the tomb of Ramesses VIII is not found yet, all the queens of dynasty 18 (1550-1292 B.C.) were buried in the valley and their tombs not found yet," said Hawass, former minister for antiquities, during the lecture. "This could be another era for archaeology," he added in an interview.

Ghonim said that it is hard to say how many tombs remain undiscovered but it is "more than just a couple."

Locating tombs in the Valley of the Kings is difficult to do even with ground-penetrating radar, a non-destructive technique in which scientists bounce high-frequency radio waves off the ground and measure the reflected signals to find buried structures. [10 Modern Tools for Indiana Jones]

Radar instruments and related computing power have vastly improved in the last couple of decades, scientists say. Even so, it "is difficult to avoid false positives in a place like the Valley of the Kings. There (are) many faults and natural features that can look like walls and tombs. Our work did help refine the technology for use here and it does have a place."

In one instance, radar work carried out by a previous team suggested that tombs dating from the Amarna period (the period within the New Kingdom in which Tutankhamun lived) could be found in a certain area of the main valley. The team excavated the spot but didn't find any tombs.

When the undiscovered tombs — those that do exist — are unearthed, they may not hold their original occupants. For instance, KV 64, a small tomb discovered in 2011by a University of Basel team, was found to hold a female singer named Nehmes Bastet who lived around 2,800 years ago. She apparently reused a tomb that was created for an earlier, unknown occupant.

Still, Ghonim said they could indeed find a tomb whose original occupants are buried within. "It is not impossible, however, for one or more to be intact," he said. And if they do find such pharaohs, they may also find their brains, as work by Hawass and Dr. Sahar Saleem of Cairo University suggests the Egyptians didn't remove the brains of their dead pharaohs in the mummification process.

An ancient flood control system
While the prospect of new tombs is tantalizing, they are but one of many things the researchers looked for in the valley. Last spring, the researchers gave a taste of what was to come at the Current Research in Egyptology conference at the University of Cambridge.

We "made a number of finds, which we believe will change our understanding of how the ancient Egyptians managed and utilized the site," Ghonim wrote in the email.

The researchers discovered, for instance, the ancient Egyptians created a flood control system in the valley that, for a time, prevented the tombs from being damaged by water and debris.

They detected a deep channel that would have run through the valley about 32 feet (10 meters) below the modern-day surface. As part of their anti-flood measures the Egyptians would have emptied this channel of debris and built side channels that diverted water into it, allowing water and debris to pass through the valley without causing damage. [Images: Beautiful Sarcophagus of an Egypt Pharaoh]

Strangely enough, the ancient Egyptians "for some reason after building it, they let it fall into disrepair rather quickly. By (the) time Tutankhamun was buried, flooding events had become a problem again," Ghonim said.

"That was bad for most tombs, but good for Tutankhamun since, at least according to one theory, flooding events effectively sealed the tomb and made it inaccessible to later tomb robbers."

Today, flood control is still a problem in the Valley of the Kings, and scientists are looking at ways to protect the tombs.

"There have been many studies recommending what to do, but the need to keep the valley open and the costs involved remain a problem. There's also the need to develop a consensus on such an important thing," Ghonim said.

More discoveries and challenges
Many more finds will be detailed in scientific publications in the future, including the excavation of huts used by the workers who built the tombs and the documentation of graffiti left throughout the valley's history.

One important challenge that Egyptian antiquities in general face is the need to bring tourists back to Egypt. In June, at a lecture at Toronto's Royal Ontario Museum, Hawass explained such tourist money not only helps Egypt's economy but also provides much-needed funds for excavation and conservation.

The flow of tourists has been disrupted at times since the 2011 revolution as the political turmoil has kept many foreign visitors away. The lecture by Hawass was given a few weeks before the ouster of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi.


More than 50 royal Egyptian mummies unearthed in Valley of the Kings - History

Schedule:

Tour Highlights:

On this 8-days tour see the highlights of Egypt. Visit the Giza Pyramids and the Sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, before heading south to Aswan.

See the Philae temple & Nubian Village, Then move to Luxor to visit Luxor Museum, Luxor temple & Karnak temple in the East bank, See Hatshepsut Temple, the Valley of the Kings & Queens and enjoy visiting King Tut’s tomb which you will visit from inside.

Then fly back to Cairo and enjoy day trip to Alexandria to visit Alexandria Library & the Site of the Lighthouse then before your final departure treat your taste buds with delicious local cuisine and enjoy the richness of the Egyptian culture.

Hotels / Nile Cruise:

Kindly note that the hotel rating in Egypt is not the same as in USA or Europe, so Luxury or Ultimate Luxury hotel options are always recommended as minimum in Egypt.

Tour Prices:

Accommodation Plan (A) 5 stars:

Cairo: Le Méridien Pyramids - Steigenberger - Ramses Hilton.

Nile cruises: MS Emilio, MS Radamis, MS Princess, MS Sara

3 Stars 4 Stars 5 Stars
Price per person in DBL or TRPL Room 1300 $ 1320 $ 1390 $
Solo traveler 1830 $ 1870 $ 1950 $
Christmas & Easter - DBL or TRPL Room 1605 $ 1650 $ 1790 $
Christmas & Easter - Solo Traveler 2200 $ 2250 $ 2300 $

Accommodation Plan (B) Luxury:

Cairo: Fairmont Nile City Cairo - Kempinski Nile.

Luxor: Hilton-Jolie Ville - Sonesta St. George.

Nile Cruises: MS Amwaj Nile Cruise, MS Nile Premium, MS Bule shadow, MS Jaz Jubilee, Crown Emperor, Steigenberger.

All year round Christmas and Easter
Price per person in dbl room 1850 $ 2375 $
Solo traveller 2550 $ 3050 $

Ultimate Luxury:

Cairo: Marriott Mena House – The Nile Ritz-Carlton- Four Seasons - Fairmont Nile Premium.

Luxor: Sofitel Winter Palace.

Nile cruises: Sanctuary Sun Boat – Oberoi Cruises – Movenpick Royal Cruises - Sonesta Cruises - Le Fayan - Ms Farah -MS Amarco suites.

All year round Christmas and Easter
Price per person in dbl room 3150 $ 3650 $
Solo traveller 4050 $ 4650 $

Day 1: Cairo

Arrival to Cairo airport, Upon you arrival you will find our representative waiting you with the sign of Ramasside Tours, then you will be transferred by A/C car to your hotel. Overnight in Cairo.

Day 2: Pyramids and Egyptian Civilization Museum Tour – Mummies Experience

Breakfast. Start your tour visiting the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization is the only museum in Egypt which offers a general overview of all the all different historical periods of Egypt. It has more than 50,000 artefacts, presenting Egyptian civilization from prehistoric times to the present day.

The Royal Mummies Hall inside The Egyptian civilization Museum is a must-see area. It has a separate section where royal mummies unearthed from various tombs are preserved. The room is climate controlled and the mummies appear to be looked after well. Mummified over 4000 years ago, you can see the mummies of Kings of Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis and Ramses in good condition. The kings and queens have lean bodies and the mummies appear smaller and shorter in size than their original stature. Walk around leisurely in this room and look at Pharaohs and queen resting in peace in a climate controlled rooms, far removed from their original resting place.

Then visit the Great Pyramids – Cheops, Chephren & Mykerions. Cheops is the most colossal ever built. Next is a close-up look at Sphinx – a huge funeral complex guarded by the legendary lion body with the face of king Chephren.

Enjoy your camel ride, you will enjoy special panoramic views of sphinx & Pyramids. Hear about all the hidden stories of Pharaohs life. I will give you hints and details that you cannot find on books!

(Optional) Evening trip to attend the Sound & Light show in the Pyramids area.

Day 3: Cairo – Nile Cruise – Nubian Village

Breakfast. Early Transfer to the domestic airport. Departure by the plane to Aswan. Arrival and transfer to visit the Philae temple. Then transfer by motorboat to experience life in a traditional Egyptian village on this Nubian village tour. Leave the city behind and cruise to a Nubian village nestled on the west bank of the Nile River. Admire fine views over the riverside scenery, and visit a Nubian village to gain insight into local customs and culture.

Nubian village located on the west bank of the Nile River. Along the way, enjoy sweeping views over Soheil Island and the Aswan Dam, and capture the scenery on camera. Visit a local village with your guide and meet a traditional Nubian family. Learn about their lifestyle and culture, and gain insight into the traditions the Nubians have followed for thousands of years.

Transfer to the Cruise. Lunch on board. Overnight in Cruise.

Note: Cruise schedules may change due to some sailing reasons. We guarantee that you will do all the mentioned sights, but the order may vary.

Day 4: Nile Cruise

Breakfast on board. Visit the amazing temple of Kom Ombo. Afternoon tea. Visit the temple shared by the two gods Sobek and Haroeris. Sail to Edfu. Dinner on board. Luxor. Afternoon Tea. Dinner on board & Galabya party. Overnight in Cruise.

Day 5: Luxor Museum - East Bank

Breakfast on board. Then transfer to visit Luxor Museum, This wonderful museum has a well-chosen and brilliantly displayed and explained collection of antiquities dating from the end of the Old Kingdom right through to the Mamluk period, mostly gathered from the Theban temples and necropolis.

Then move to visit the Karnak Temples, the greatest example of worship in history and was dedicated to the God Amon, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu. It was constructed from the beginning of the Middle Kingdom to the Graeco Roman Kingdom.

Then move to Luxor Temple. It was built by Amunhotep III in 18th Dynasty in the New Kingdom and it was completed by Ramesses II during the 19th Dynasty.
King Ramses II was the most famous king in the 19th Dynasty. He ruled Egypt for about 67 years. It was dedicated to the great god Amun-Ra, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu together representing the Theban triad. Enjoy visiting Obelisk of Ramses II in front of the 1st Pylon. Overnight in Cruise.

Day 6: Luxor King Tut’s tomb – Valley of Kings & Queens / Cairo

Breakfast on board. Disembarkation. Cross to the West Bank to visit Valley of the Kings, visit the tombs of various Dynasties. King Tut’s tomb which you will visit from inside. Tutankhamun ruled Egypt for approximately 10 years from around 1336-1327 BCE. In November 1922, Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon discovered Tutankhamun’s near-intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings. The king’s mummified body was found surrounded by precious grave goods, in his golden coffin, after his burial chamber was officially opened on 17 February 1923 in the presence of Egyptologists and government officials.

Today, Tutankhamun is ancient Egypt’s most famous pharaoh. But how much do you really know about the boy king? Here during this tour, I will tell you the lesser-known facts about Tutankhamun…

Continue to Visit the Valley of the Queens, known as Ta-Set-Neferu “The Place of Beauty”. The valley served as a
necropolis for the tombs of royal family members and the elite, with about 90 tombs belonging to Queens and princes of the ancient Egyptian New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC). whilst here, you will have a chance to visit the magnificent colorful tomb of queen Nefertari (Extra Ticket)

Then move to visit the Temple of Deir El Bahari of Queen Hatshepsut. On the return journey stop at the Colossi of Memnon which are two gigantic sitting statues representing Amenopis III facing the Nile. Then visit the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut.

Then transfer to Luxor airport and departure by plane to Cairo. Arrival and transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Cairo.

Day 7: Day Trip to Alexandria

Our tour guide will pick you up from your hotel, Travel to Alexandria.

start your tour to Alexandria. Start the tour with the library of Alexandria the biggest library in the world – now with 8 million books. Visit it’s open court and free museums.

Note: To enter the reading area you will need to purchase an extra ticket.

Then visit the Site of the Lighthouse one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World on which now stands the castle of Qaitbey. Visit the royal gardens of King Farouk (the last king in the history of Egypt) and see the royal palaces of Haramlek and Salamlek as well as the royal beaches of the queens. Continue your tour by visiting the prettiest and biggest mosque in the city: the Abbo Elabbas Mosque, as well as the memorial of the Unknown Soldier of Alexandria and the statue of Alexander the Great.

You can then stop for lunch (Optional) before visiting the church of St. Mark – the oldest church in Africa before driving along the Cornish (30 km) to see the whole city of Alexandria from the sea side which includes the old harbor of Alexandria where we found 7000 monuments underwater. Stop over the famous bridge of Stanley – the modern landmark of modern Alexandria, before visiting the old downtown of Alexandria and walking through the old city-center of Alexandria: built by Alexander the great. Travel in comfort back to your hotel.

Day 8 : Cairo Food Tour – Departure

If your departure flight time allows you'll make this tour today if not we will fit it into another day earlier.

To enjoy the real taste of Egypt you have to try the Egyptian food the best foods in Egypt which is one of the life’s great pleasures, Discover off-the-beaten-path spots the real Egypt that is not covered in any guidebook.

To find the best place to eat in Egypt can be a challenge. Don’t worry we’ll take you to them, There are many delicious food tastings of the Best foods in Egypt.

Then our representative will transfer you to the airport and assist you at the airport through final departure formalities.

Includes

4 Nights hotel accommodation in Cairo on bed and breakfast basis
3 Nights on Cruise board (Aswan & Luxor) full board (Sightseeing are included)
1 Day tour in Cairo visiting the Egyptian Museum, Pyramids, Sphinx
1 Day tour in Alexandria
All transfers in Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor and Aswan
All your tours and excursions are with an A/C vehicle
The service of meet and assist at all your destinations
Expert tour guide
All your visits include entrance fees
Our prices include all taxes and services
Domestic airfare: Cairo/ Aswan & Luxor / Cairo
Transfer by an A/C vehicle: Cairo / Alex / Cairo

Excludes

Visa Entry for Egypt. (We can provide you with your visa upon arrival at your request).
International Flights
Personal items.
Tipping.
Any other items not mentioned.
Any Optional tours.
Drinks during meals.

Hotel Rating in Egypt:

Kindly note that the hotel rating in Egypt is not the same as in the USA or Europe, so our Luxury or Ultimate Luxury hotel options are always recommended as minimum in Egypt - some 5 stars hotels in Egypt seem like 3 or 4 stars. Of course The 3* & 4 * hotels aren’t recommended at all as we receive many complaints from our guests about them.

Visa Service:

- Skip queues on arrival save time and complicated procedures. our rep will have your visa already prepared for you. Just send us copy of your passport.

Note: For any nationally If you have a valid schengen or USA Visa or Uk Visa we can provide you with visa service upon arrival. You don’t need to apply in embassy before hand.

Traveling by overnight train NOT RECOMMENDED:

We don’t recommend it, it takes15 to 18 hours on a very noisy train. The toilets are not good and smelly. Food is not good in general. Beds: moderately comfortable. Comment from a client: “However, I am 6'0" (183 cm) tall and barely fit into the bed -- anyone taller would have to curl up.”

If you don't fancy traveling by overnight sleeper train then upgrade to our flight option. Enjoying extra nights of comfort in 5* hotel accommodation. We recommend that you upgrade this transfer to domestic flight. Extra supplement for a 1 way flight and 1 night at 5 star hotels is 150$ per person. Xmas. New Year and Easter supplements apply. Contact us for rates.

Travel Insurance - from AIG

Cruise schedule & Sailing times:

Sometimes due to sailing conditions on the River Nile some Cruises itineraries, schedule and sailing times may be updated. We assure that our clients will see all what is on their itineraries but maybe in different order

Domestic flights:

The programs quote the average price of domestic flights with approximate timings.Requests for specific flight times or changes to previously booked reservations may result in changes to the total price of the package. Some flights to sharm or Hurghada are indirect flights via Cairo Airport.

Payment policy

We accept all methods of secure payment: Visa, MasterCard,Easy Wire Transfer & Bitcoin.

Tour and Prices

Tour price currency is set to USD but you can pay in Euro or British pound.The prices quoted per person per tour all inclusive and prices are always updated to ensure you receive the lowest price possible. Once your tour is confirmed we guarantee the price will not be changed.

Children Policy

0 - 01.99 Free of Charge (unless flights were included)
2 - 5.99 pay 25% of tour price and 50% of tour price if it includes flights or sleeper train
6 - 11.99 pay 50% of tour price
12+ pay full tour price as per adult person
If your tour package includes airfare then an extra charges for your children may apply.

Additional Entry Tickets

All tours don't include entrance fees to special archaeological sites such as walking inside one of the pyramid to see the deep burial chambers and the Mummies Room at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo or to enter the Tomb of Tutankhamen at Valley of the Kings in Luxor are also available at extra cost.

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Alexandria Trip

Note: Alexandria Library is closed on every public holiday. To enter the reading area you will need to purchase an extra ticket.

Essential Packing

Comfortable, flat (preferably covered) shoes are needed for the Pyramids and Valley of the Kings. Pack flip flops/sandals to wear aboard the Nile felucca or Nile Cruiser.

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We have our own modern fleet of modern air-conditioned vehicles, cars, deluxe limo, and mini vans, large coaches.

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Ramasside Tours Group has earned WORLD TOURISM ORGANIZATION & Trip Advisor 2018 Certificate of Excellence and also for last 6 years, This prestigious award, places Ramasside in the top-performing 10% of all businesses worldwide.

Full Experience in Egypt

We understand very well, what you need. It’s not just about visiting touristic sights – it’s much more than this. We offer a full experience in Egypt

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You can see more about our activities, tours guides, daily tours in our facebook page facebook.com/Ramasside or our youtube channel https://www.youtube.com/c/ramassidegroup

Pick your Guide

We are the ONLY tour company in Egypt that lets you pick your own guide!

You can pick your tour guide, check our Facebook page, read our latest reviews in TripAdvisor, watch our channel on youtube to choose the best guide you wish to have.

Accessible Tours

We offer accessible holidays for travelers with disabilities.

Tailor-made holidays

We offer fully customizable tours, want to check something out that’s not in the basic tour? No problem!

Private and Group Tours

Looking for private tours? We offer those. Looking to join a group and get a discounted rate? We do that too!

A personal Touch

Ramasside is very selective when choosing our staff. We don’t only choose qualified and professional tour guides and leaders but also choose those who are friendly, with a sense of humor who are committed to offer a superior level of service so you can enjoy your time with them.

Customer Service 24 hours, 7 days a week

Cell/whatsapp : 00201005759364 – 00201003304715

Cell/ whatsapp :00201159220099

Office number GMT +2 (9 am till 10 pm): 002034257705

Personal Tour Operators

Our tour operators, in the booking process, are not only offering you a tour but are advising you how to have a lifetime experience and how to fully enjoy and maximize your time in Egypt.


The Antechamber and Annex

Carter’s glimpse of Tutankhamun’s grave goods that day was a rare reward in a life marked by setbacks and financial difficulties. Born the youn-gest of 11 siblings in London in 1874, Howard Carter was the son of a respected but not terribly wealthy painter. Brought up by his aunts, Carter later wrote that a weak constitution “debarred me from public-school [the British term for private school] life and games”—a statement now believed to be a half truth. He was certainly a sickly child, but it is likely that Carter did not, in fact, receive much in the way of formal schooling.

Even so, following in his father’s footsteps, Howard showed a natural talent for drawing and painting. Thanks to family connections, at age 17 he was recommended to Percy Newberry, a renowned Egyptologist who was looking for an artist for an archaeological expedition to Egypt. After an apprenticeship of three months at the British Museum, Carter set off for the Nile, where he was employed on a major excavation in Akhetaten (Amarna), the city built by Akhenaten.

Exposure to Egyptian monuments changed Carter’s professional life, as he turned from art to archaeology. His career took off: He became an inspector with the Egyptian Department of Antiquities and eventually rose to become chief inspector for northern Egypt. By the early 1900s he was working for American archaeology enthusiast Theodore M. Davis in the Valley of the Kings. Named in hieroglyphs as “The Great and Majestic Necropolis of the Millions of Years of the Pharaoh, Life, Strength, Health in the West of Thebes,” the Valley of the Kings was known in ancient Egypt as the Great Field. It was regarded (incorrectly it seems) as ideal for royal interments because its remoteness was thought to deter grave robbers.

In 1904 Carter’s archaeology career almost ended. A group of drunken tourists at the necropolis of Saqqara caused a disturbance, and Carter ordered them to leave. They complained to their ambassador, who demanded an apology from Carter. He refused and was forced to resign. At age 31, with no job and no money, Carter had to leave archaeology behind he eked out a living by painting watercolors for tourists.


Strata: Cache of Coffins Discovered in Egypt

A chance discovery of vividly painted Egyptian coffins has been made in al-‘Asasif, a part of the Theban necropolis across the Nile from modern Luxor. While excavating Theban Tomb (TT) 28 last October, archaeologists stumbled upon an underground cache of 30 human coffins. Stacked in two layers just a few feet under the surface, these reportedly belong to the Theban priesthood from Dynasty 22 (c. 945–712 B.C.E.), which began with Sheshonq I (Shishak), who according to the Bible plundered Jerusalem in Year 5 of King Rehoboam’s reign ( 1 Kings 14:25-26 ).

Intact and containing wrapped mummies, most of these wooden coffins are covered (outside and inside) with colorful hieroglyphic inscriptions and figural scenes depicting the deceased worshipping various deities and deified kings. The religious texts and depictions provide access to ancient beliefs and rituals, and the titles and biographic data of the deceased advance our knowledge of the late tenth century B.C.E. Because they were stored so as to be safe from humidity, the bodily remains are very well preserved and can reveal much about the diet, health, and genetics of the deceased.

Although spectacular, this cache is not unique in the Theban necropolis. In 1881, more than 50 royal mummies of Dynasties 17–21 were found in a tomb hewn into the cliff above the terraced Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir al-Bahri. Labeled TT320, this tomb is known as the Royal Cache. Only ten years later, 153 burial assemblages belonging to the priests of Amun from Dynasty 21 were discovered in Bab al-Gasus—an underground collective tomb next to the Hatshepsut temple. And in 1898, the tomb of Amenhotep II (KV35) was unearthed in the Valley of the Kings. Besides its original owner, it contained more royal individuals from the New Kingdom, including Amenhotep III and Tiye—the parents of Akhenaten and grandparents of Tutankhamun.

Like the 1881 and 1898 finds, the al-‘Asasif coffins are a secondary assemblage created already in antiquity. In times of unrest and widespread looting, such burials were removed from their own tombs and stashed in a more secure location to prevent disturbance by the hands of tomb robbers. Following their modern discovery, coffins are typically opened, and the bodies are unwrapped, stripped of their grave goods, and showcased around the globe.

The al-‘Asasif find is already said to be bound for the soon-to-open Grand Egyptian Museum, where it will be studied and put on display.


Egyptian Mummies in Museums

Today, scholars work hard to preserve human and animal mummies in specially designed cases. The most famous mummies are the bodies of the pharaohs, many of these now held in the Cairo Museum. Other mummies are displayed in museums across the world.

© Alvin Wong - Egyptian mummy exhibit in the National Museum of Singapore

Other mummies were discovered in caches. During the 21st Dynasty, priests gathered the bodies of many pharaohs and put them in a single tomb to protect them. The Deir el-Bahri cache is the most famous of these mass burial sites. Here, Egyptologists found 40 royal mummies, including Ramses II. Scholars found it because peasants were selling relics from the cache. Egyptian authorities tracked it down and removed the mummies and all the artifacts with them. Excavators made no record of the mummies’ locations in the caves during their excavation.

Another cache of royal mummies was kept in the tomb of Amenhotep II. From the total of 14 royal mummies, five remain in the tomb, including the body of the pharaoh. The other nine were in coffins and sealed behind a wall. These included the bodies of other pharaohs, and scholars moved them to a museum.

© opacity - Facial reconstruction of King Tut

Scholars have reconstructed the faces of Egyptian mummies and produced images of the pharaohs by measuring and studying their skulls. DNA analysis has been used to help identify mummies and determine if a disease killed them, yielding some interesting information, often disproving myths and theories.

In the case of King Tutankhamun and his family, it was believed that the pharaoh was murdered. The DNA tests revealed that he likely died of malaria and an infection in a broken bone. It also helped identify Tutankhamun’s mother, but her name is unknown.

Two coffins containing fetuses were found in King Tutankhamun’s tomb. These two girls were the king’s daughters. One had several disorders that would have made her deformed. Another mummy from KV 55 was likely King Tutankhamun’s brother.


Watch the video: ΝΤΟΚΙΜΑΝΤΕΡ - Τουταγχαμών Η Κατάρα Του Τάφου (December 2022).

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